Tuesday Jun 18, 2024

Thirumullaivoyal Pachai Amman Temple, Chennai

Address

Thirumullaivoyal Pachai Amman Temple, Chennai

Pachiamman Nagar,
Thirumullaivoyal, Chennai,
Tamil Nadu – 600062.

Amman

Pachai Amman

Introduction

Pachaiamman Temple is located near the Kulakkarai Street, Thirumullaivoyal, Chennai suburb, near the main road. This temple is 1000-2000 years old. Pachaiamman Temple at Thirumullaivoyal is located at the northeast of Arunachala hill; it has the best ambiance of all Amman temples. This temple is built amidst a lush forest area with many water bodies running nearby. This temple not only serves as a religious spot but, also a place of tranquility and serenity.  

Puranic Significance 

  Many a century before, Lord Shiva and Parvathi lived in Kailash( heaven), Shiva being the ruler of the world, always spent his time watching and guarding the world and the people. Parvathi was very upset, as Lord Shiva never spent time with her, so she playfully blindfolded the eyes of Lord Shiva, unaware of the consequences it may lead. The very next moment, the whole world ceased revolving and was encircled by darkness, nothing on the earth moved, and all were frozen and dead. The Rishis and Saints of heaven were stunned to see what had happened, so they hurried to the court of Lord Shiva. Suddenly Lord Shiva opened his third eye in the forehead (netrikan), and spread the light with the heat on the earth and brought the dead world to life.

Even though Parvathi blindfolded his eyes playfully, Lord Shiva was displeased and sentenced her to take a human form and to do penance until his anger subsides. Goddess Parvathi pleaded Shiva to forgive her, but once said can’t be modified, so Shiva consoled her saying that during her endeavors in the earth, she would be praised and will gain fame wherever she goes. Later Parvathi came to earth and went to Kasi the most sacred place; she went along the trails of Shiva temples. She visited Kanchi and did penance under a mango tree to please Lord Shiva, later she went to Tiruvannamalai, on her way to the temple, she took rest at Thirumullaivoyal, and made this place very sacred; after taking rest in this place she made atonement by standing on a needle at Sengoku. On her stay at Thirumullaivoyal, seven Rishis (sapta munivarga) and seven damsels (Sapta Kannigal) accompanied her and guarded her. Hence their statues are installed in the temple. Once her sentenced period was over Lord Shiva accepted Parvathi as his other half known as Arthanareeswara (half Shivan and half Shakthi).

Pachai means green, which signifies that the Goddess is green. There are few legends of this name. One of the folklore is that a few centuries back, Gautama Maha Rishi performed a Yaga, to invite Goddess Shakthi, for this he had created a holy seat (prana sala), with Durbar grass—a yellow-green grass used for auspicious poojas. When Goddess Shakti sat on this holy seat, the yellow grass transformed into lush green color. And thus the Goddess was named as Pachai Amman.

Yet another story states that, while the pursuit of Goddess Parvathi for enlightenment, she used to take rest on the deep green banana leaves and was fond of greeneries, so she was named as Pachai Amman.

During Shri Ramana Maharishi’s stay at Pachai Amman temple, he gave the reason for Goddess’s name. According to him, when the Goddess Parvathi did austerities at Gauthamashram, her body color changed to emerald green due to the power emitted during her penance, and after this, she went around the hill performing austerities at many places and finally confluence with Lord Shiva. Ergo, she got the name Pachai Amman

The legend is that when Goddess Parvathi did penance at Thirumullaivoyal, due to her enormous energy the clouds started to group together above the village and engulf the village in darkness. Seeing this King of this village was furious and sent his brothers to stop Parvathi from performing penance and throw her out of his village. His brothers returned to him and described how beautiful Parvathi was. This urged the king to marry her. So he went to the forest himself and compelled Parvathi to marry him. Parvathi got furious by his behavior and took the form of kali. Along with the help of seven damsels and seven rishis she killed the king. This is why the statues of these damsels and Rishis are found inside the temple.

Beliefs

                Devotees visit this temple to seek fulfillment of; to pray for peace of mind, health, wealth, happiness, for children, for matrimonial purposes.

As this temple is located amidst the dense forest, many Rishis, saints, gurus, and religious persons come to this temple to do penance and gain enlightenment. The water bodies near this temple are believed to have many medicinal powers and can relieve any kind of body pains.

Special Features

Pachaiamman temple is an ordinary town temple where one can’t discover stone symbols yet just stucco pictures. The principle sanctum has the huge icon of the goddess in green shading. Contiguous Pachaiamman, the icons of Gangai Amman and Vengi Amman are likewise found. Vengi Amman and Gangai Amman are well known town goddesses of Tamil Nadu state. Inverse to the holy place, Gouthama Rishi is available as a warrior. The huge open space before the principle sanctum has enormous stucco icons of the staying six holy people – Vashist, Narad, Viswamitra, Bharadvaja, Agastya, Kasyap, and Jamadagni. Every one of these holy people is in the warrior shapes holding different weapons. Inverse to Agastya symbol, there are enormous icons of stallions found. Thirumullaivayal Pachaiamman Temple likewise houses the holy places of Shiv Linga named Mannatheeswarar who is found alongside Eswari, Ganapati, and Tiruneelkantar. The three utsav icons of Gangaiamman, Vengiamman, and Pachaiamman are found in a different place of worship. Behind the principle sanctum, Dakshinamurti is found. Varahi symbol is excessively found in this temple. There is a temple for Kaththayee, who is discovered holding a tyke.

Festivals

           Chitra Poornima in April-May; Vaikasi Visakam in May-June; Aadi Pooram in July-August; Vinayaka Chathurthi in August-September; Navarathri in September-October.

Century/Period

1000 -2000 Years Old

Managed By

Hindu Religious & Charitable Endowments Department (HR&CE)

Nearest Bus Station

Thirumulaivoyal

Nearest Railway Station

Thirumullaivoyal, Annanur Station 

Nearest Airport

Chennai

Location on Map

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