Saturday Jun 22, 2024

Khandagiri Digambara Jain Temple, Odisha

Address

Khandagiri Digambara Jain Temple, Khandagiri – Chandaka Rd, Khandagiri, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751030

Diety

Tirthankara

Introduction

Digambara Jaina Temple is a Jain temple in Bhubaneswar, in the state of Odisha, India. The temple is on the top of Khandagiri hill. This hill is honeycombed with a series of rock-cut Jaina caves, commissioned by King Kharavela in the 1st century BCE. The rock-cut caves are protected by Archaeological Survey of India. The enshrining deities are a series of Jaina tirthankara images. The temple is maintained by the Bengal, Bihar and Odisha Digambara Jaina Tirthankara Committee.

Puranic Significance

The architecture of the temple suggests that it was built out of materials from an earlier temple. According to local legends the temple was constructed by Mahameghavahana ruler Kharavela in the 1st century BCE. This legend is not supported by the architectural features. According to Alexander Cunningham, The temple structure is estimated to have been built during the rule of Maratha Empire based on architecture design. The current structure was built in first quarter of the 19th century. This temple is built in Pidha style with Vimana and Jaga mohan following the Kalinga architecture. The temple is built using sandstone in Ashlar fashion with triratha plan and tri-anga bada elevation. The vimana and jagamohana features balustrade windows with vimana follows a square plan and Jaga mohan follows a rectangular plan. The temple complex consist of three temples, first temple houses a colossal black stone idol of Parshvanatha in a white marble hall. The main shrine houses a white marble idol of Mahavira along with a large number of Jain idols. The third shrines houses 5 images of Jain tirthankara.

Century/Period/Age

1st century BCE.

Managed By

Digambara Jaina Tirthankara Committee. – Odisha

Nearest Bus Station

Khandagiri

Nearest Railway Station

Bhubaneswar

Nearest Airport

Bhubaneswar Airport

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