Friday Jun 14, 2024

Tezpur Sri Mahabhairav Temple- Assam

Address

Tezpur Sri Mahabhairav Temple- MahabhairabTemple road, Tezpur, Assam 784001

Diety

Mahabhairav

Introduction

ThIs ancient Mahabhairav Temple is located at a hillock on the northern part of Tezpur town, Assam. This temple is believed to have been established by king Bana in the pre-historical times. This Shiva temple was originally built of stone but the present one was renovated and built with concrete. During the Ahom rule, the kings especially of the Tungkhungiya dynasty donated large area of Devottar land to the Temple and pujaris and Paiks were appointed to look after the temple. The responsibility of management was in the hands of a Borthakur. The temple is now managed by the Government through a managing committee headed by the District Deputy Commissioner. Shivaratri is celebrated in the temple with big festivity and people from all over the country visit it. The mela is smaller than that in Sivsagar, but is nevertheless famous.

Puranic Significance

According to a legend, the original Mahabhairab Temple was built by Asura King, Banasura out of a stone. The main deity of this temple is Lord Shiva and it houses one of the world’s largest Shiva Lingams. At the entrance of this temple, stand the idols of Lord Ganesha and Lord Hanuman in the form of Dwarpals. This gateway also has elaborated embellishments that have been intricately carved out. The instances of the original temple are seen on the huge pillars of this temple. The archeologists believe that the temple was built during 8th to 10th century A.D. by the kings of the Salasthamba dynasty. That originally there was a stone temple is evident from the huge pillars scattered all around the temple. But the original temple was destroyed during the Islamic invasions of the middle Ages. It was however, rebuilt by successive kings and rulers, until it was heavily damaged by the catastrophic earthquake of 1897. The present structure of the temple was built sometime in the early part of the present century by a devotee and monk Sri Swayambar Bharati, popularly known as Naga Baba. After a few years, another monk Sri Mahadeo Bharati built the “Nat Mandir” close to the temple. After a few years another devotee built the cement-concrete idols of Ganesh and Hanuman as “Dwarpaals” in front of the temple. Since then the developmental works of the temple had been somewhat sluggish although not completely stopped, one major work being the exquisitely curved ornamental frontispiece of the main entrance gate of the temple.

Special Features

The temple was built for worshiping Lord Shiva by King Banasura. The Shiva linga of this temple is said to be made of ‘Living Stone’ which grows over slowly by the years. Some people believe that Bana obtained his boon while worshipping in this temple.

Festivals

Maha Sivaratri is celebrated in the Temple in a big manner.

Century/Period/Age

8th to 10th century A.D.

Managed By

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)

Nearest Bus Station

Tezpur

Nearest Railway Station

Tezpur Station

Nearest Airport

Tezpur

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