Friday Jun 14, 2024

Mamallapuram Pidari Ratha Temple, Chengalpattu


Mamallapuram Pidari Ratha Temple, Chengalpattu


Chengalpattu district,

Tamil Nadu – 603104.




The Pidari Rathas in Mahabalipuram, also known as Mamallapuram, are two incomplete temple structures dedicated to Goddess Pidari. These rathas are a part of the Pancha Pandava Ratha group and share a similar architectural style, suggesting they were constructed during the same period in the mid-7th century.

Puranic Significance:

  • The Pidari Rathas are two incomplete temple structures, each with two stories. The upper portions of these rathas are relatively complete, while the lower sections are less developed. The two rathas have different architectural profiles—one has a square roof, while the other features an octagonal roof.
  • The ridges of the roofs of these rathas are adorned with carvings of floral creepers, similar to the Draupadi Ratha. This design element adds a decorative and intricate touch to the temple structures.
  • Both rathas exhibit a regular arrangement of miniature shrines on the cornices, which is a characteristic feature of the Pallava architecture seen in Mahabalipuram.
  • In one of the rathas, pilasters are present to support the cornice, while the other ratha had not yet reached that level of completion.
  • The Pidari Rathas are located in a relatively remote area, away from the central monuments and the hill in Mahabalipuram.
  • One of the rathas faces east, while the other faces north. This positioning of the rathas signifies the architectural and design choices made during their construction.
  • The rathas display elements of early Southern temple architecture, complete with a shikara (tower) on the top, which is a common feature in South Indian temples.

The Pidari Rathas are significant examples of Pallava architecture, showcasing the intricacies and variations in design that existed during the Pallava dynasty’s rule. While they remain incomplete structures, they provide valuable insights into the architectural and artistic traditions of the time. The presence of Goddess Pidari as the presiding deity in these rathas adds a religious and cultural dimension to their historical importance.


7th Century

Managed By

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)

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