Monday Jun 24, 2024

Halebidu Parshvanatha Jain Basadi – Karnataka

Address

Halebidu Parshvanatha Jain Basadi – Karnataka

Halebidu, Belur Taluk

Hassan District,

Karnataka 573121

Moolavar

Parshvanatha

Introduction

The Jain Group of Temples, also known as the Basadi Halli, is a complex of three Jain temples located in Halebidu Town, in the Belur Taluk of Hassan District, Karnataka, India. These temples hold historical and architectural significance and are dedicated to Jain deities. The temple complex is situated between the famous Hoysaleswara Temple and the Kedareshwara Temple.

The three temples within this complex are:

  1. Parshvanatha Basadi:
  2. Shantinatha Basadi:
  3. Adinatha Basadi:

The Jain Group of Temples is a testament to the rich cultural and religious heritage of the region. These temples feature intricate architectural details and beautifully crafted sculptures. The complex, along with the individual temples, is protected as a monument of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India, recognizing its historical and architectural value.

Visitors to Halebidu can explore these temples to appreciate their cultural, artistic, and spiritual significance, as well as their role in preserving the Jain tradition in the region.

Puranic Significance 

The Parshvanatha Basadi was built by Boppadeva in 1133 CE during the reign of King Vishnuvardhana. Boppadeva was the son of the Gangaraja, a notable minister under Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana.

Special Features

      

The Parshvanatha Basadi, the largest temple among the Jain Group of Temples, is a significant religious and architectural monument. Here are some key details about this temple:

  1. Orientation: The temple faces south, and its main entrance, the mahadwara, resembles a mandapa. The mahadwara is supported by pillars and pilasters at both the front and rear portions.
  2. Temple Structure: The Parshvanatha Basadi consists of various sections, including the sanctum, ardha mandapa (front porch), maha mandapa (main hall), and a detached open-pillared mukha mandapa (entrance hall). These sections are typical components of Jain temple architecture.
  3. Maha Mandapa: The maha mandapa features niches that were originally meant to house images of the 24 Thirthankaras, revered spiritual figures in Jainism. Unfortunately, all these images have been lost over time. Notably, sculptures of Yaksha Dharanendra and Yakshi Padmavati are placed against the western wall of the maha mandapa. Padmavati’s image is adorned with a unique crown featuring a three-hooded cobra over her head, and she is depicted holding fruits in three of her hands and a weapon in the fourth hand.
  4. Sanctum: The main sanctum houses an impressive 18-foot-tall image of Parshvanatha, one of the Thirthankaras. This black stone image is the central deity of the temple. Over the head of the Parshvanatha image, there is a carving of a seven-headed serpent, symbolizing protection and guardianship.
  5. Posture: The Parshvanatha image is portrayed in the Kayotsarga posture, a meditative and tranquil stance often seen in Jain iconography.

The Parshvanatha Basadi, with its grandeur and religious significance, serves as a cultural and spiritual center for followers of Jainism and attracts visitors interested in exploring the heritage of the region. The temple complex, along with the other Jain temples in the group, contributes to the rich historical tapestry of Halebidu and is protected as a national monument by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Century/Period

1133 CE

Managed By

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)

Nearest Bus Station

Halebidu

Nearest Railway Station

Hassan Junction

Nearest Airport

Mangalore

Location on Map

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